GAME OF THE KNUCLEBONE (tabaren jokoa)

PARTICIPANTS: More than one. It is organized in turns.

MATERIAL: 5 tabas ( a taba is made of the knee bone of the lamb). Each one of different colour
RULES: each side of the taba has a name. Aguas, pencas , cilos and carnes. Four of the tabas are thrown on a shawl . The fith taba is thrown up to the air . Meanwhile the fith is on air the participant puts as many tabas as possible on the shawl in all of the possible sides ( totally four sides) for the first round aguas , the next round pencas up and so on. and will continue until all the sides are done. The winner is the one who achieves it in less time.


The origin started in Greece. Spinning tops have been played with by kids of all ages for centuries. The earliest tops were dreidels spun by Jews while in Greek captivity, around 165 B.C. Spinning tops regained popularity in early America, and were one of the first toy patents granted in the country.


MATERIAL: a wooden top and a String to get starting spin starting.

RULES: a circle is drawn on the floor and each participant puts one coin inside. A spinning top is thrown inside the circle. The game consits in trying to spin the top over the coins in the circle trying to break them or trying to get them out of the circle. Each time the spinning tops have to be picked up successfully to continue. The coin that is moved out from the circle will be of the participant. The winner is the participant who gets more coins.


NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS: the ideal number is 8, minimum 6 and maximum 10


RULES: One person is the guardian. The rest of the participants can go out or make their peers go to prison through the launch of one stone to a cilindrical wood. But every time the cilindrical wood is hit ,everybody must quicly run. It is the occasion when the guardian of the cilindrical wood can chase the other participants . If the guardian catch someone, this become the new guardian.

COB GATHERING (Lokotx lasterketa)


MATERIAL: a basket per participant

RULES:Cob gathering competitions are placed at 1.25m distances in a line, 25 in a line at the most. The game can be played to 50, 75 or 100 cobs in which case they are placed in sets of 2, 3 or 4. The competitors have to collect these in order (the nearest first) and place them into a basket. The winner is the one who achieves it in less time.


Tug-of-war is a tradition sport in the Basque Country.Typically, two teams of eight individuals compete against each other The origins of tug of war are uncertain, but it is beyond dispute that this once royal sport was practiced in ancient Egypt and China, where it was held in legend that the Sun and Moon pllayed Tug of War over the light and darkness .
NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS: the ideal number is 10 participants in each time, but it can be more or less.

MATERIAL: a large rope and a handkerchief.

RULES:.A strong and long rope and handkerchief: 10 Two groups are pulling the rope until the other group gives up.
A team of ten is on one end of a rope. The opposing team of ten is on the opposite end of the rope. With both teams pulling against each other, the team that is able to pull or drag its competition over the designated line, wins.

Hands must always be on the rope. The last member of the team, sometimes is referred to as the"anchor" he /she ist he only allowed to wind the rope around is/her body.


WEIHGT CARRYING/ RACE (Txinga eramatea)
NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS: ideal is 6 in each team.

MATERIAL: txingak

RULES:The game consists in covering a distance by carrying weights. In turns the weight has to be carried in both hands. There is not a fixed time. The winner of the game is the team who has carried the txingas in less time.

SACK RACE (zaku lasterketa)

NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS: individual or in teams

MATERIAL: sacks as many as participants

RULES: In every team, one player who will have to make a route of 120 m with a sackof 81 kg corn on shoulders. This individual competition can be also competed as a relay, 3 players taking turns to cross each 120m. Sacks possess generally handles in four angles to be better caught.

Here participants need both speed and stamina to carry the weight on their shoulders.The winner is the first who finishes the round faster.

BALE TOSSING (Lasto botatzea) SPORT


MATERIAL: a hay bole and a pitchfork

RULES:Hay bale tossing is related to lasto altxatzea. Here the hay-bales have to be thrown over a bar set a certain height with the help of a pitchfork. For men the height is normally 7m, for women 5m and the bale has to hit a bell for the toss to be valid.Trontza (sawing)

NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS:Between 2 people or in teams.

MATERIAL: You only need trunks and axes.

RULES:This sport has its origins in the farmers work. Its origin is found in the wood-cutter's . The wood-cutter is called "aizkolari" in the Basque language because "aizkora" is axe in Basque, is a very popular sport.
Normally the aizkolaris, who compete individually or in pairs, stand on the trunk sections but there are variations where they have to chop a vertical tree from the top called zutiko enborra or "upright trunk". This is achieved by chopping notches into the trunk into which the aizkolari inserts a plank. He then stands on the plank to reach higher up, working his way around the trunk in a spiral until he can chop the top section. The trunks are up to 6m tall and usually no safety equipment is used up to that height
Most competitions last half an hour at the very least but normally more than an hour.
They can be held with each aizkolari having two helpers. The botilero holds the towel and brings new axes. The prestatzaile checks the two halves are fully separated, dictates the rhythm and indicates where best to hit next.
The trunks that a woodcutter must cut are placed in line. Once he has finished cutting the first trunk he has to go for the second one and in this way he has to continue until all the trunks have been cut. Depending on the type of competition he has to finish earlier than his opponent or in the least amount of time.

Together with wood-cutting, stone lifting is another example of the Basque rural sports most widely performed at local festivities, all over the Basque Country.
Stone Lifting has certainly been the most widely known Basque rural sport outside the country, thanks to the prowess of Iñaki Perurena, a stone-lifter (harrijasotzaile) from Leiza, in Navarre, the first and so far the only competitor able to lift a 300 kg stone.

NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS: 2 or more participants

MATERIAL: stones

RULES: In the course of time, the shape of the stone to be lifted has varied a great deal. The four types of stone most frequently used that is rectangular, cylindrical, spherical and square, were established at the beginning of the 20th century.
There are usually two stone-lifters competing in each event, taking turns in one or several attempts, to perform the greatest possible number of lifts; a lift is considered complete, when the stone has been properly balanced on the shoulder.
Stones are traditionally made of granite, and their weight goes a little under 100 kg to the already mentioned 300 kg.